East Texas County Governments

Trinity County Court House in the City of Groveton in Deep East Texas
Trinity County Courthouse in the City of Groveton in Deep East Texas

The State of Texas is divided into 254 counties, the largest number in the United States.

When the Republic of Texas gained its independence in 1836, the 23 existing municipalities became the original Texas counties. Many of these were later divided into new counties.

Texas county courthouses are often located in the georgraphical center of the county.

Each county is run by a commissioners' court, consisting of four elected commissioners (one from each of four precincts drawn based on population) and a county judge elected from all the voters of the county.

The 38-county East Texas region stretches from the piney woods bordering Louisiana and Arkansas to the eastern edge of the Dallas-Fort Worth Metroplex, and from Oklahoma in the north to the Gulf of Mexico in the south.

List of East Texas Counties and County Seats

The following is a list of East Texas counties and county seats along with Census 2020 population numbers:
County Name
County Seat
Population
Area
Anderson Palestine 57,922 Upper East Texas
Angelina Lufkin 86,395 Deep East Texas
Bowie New Boston 92,893 Upper East Texas
Camp Pittsburg 12,464 Upper East Texas
Cass Linden 28,454 Upper East Texas
Cherokee Rusk 50,412 Upper East Texas
Delta Cooper 5,230 Upper East Texas
Franklin Mt. Vernon 10,359 Upper East Texas
Gregg Longview 124,239 Upper East Texas
Hardin Kountze 56,231 South East Texas
Harrison Marshall 68,839 Upper East Texas
Henderson Athens 82,150 Upper East Texas
Hopkins Sulphur Springs 36,787 Upper East Texas
Houston Crockett 22,066 Deep East Texas
Jasper Jasper 32,980 Deep East Texas
Jefferson Beaumont 256,526 South East Texas
Lamar Paris 50,088 Upper East Texas
Marion Jefferson 9,725 Upper East Texas
Morris Daingerfield 11,973 Upper East Texas
Nacogdoches Nacogdoches 64,653 Deep East Texas
Newton Newton 12,217 Deep East Texas
Orange Orange 84,808 South East Texas
Panola Carthage 22,491 Upper East Texas
Polk Livingston 50,123 Deep East Texas
Rains Emory 12,164 Upper East Texas
Red River Clarksville 11,587 Upper East Texas
Rusk Henderson 52,214 Upper East Texas
Sabine Hemphill 9,984 Deep East Texas
San Augustine San Augustine 7,918 Deep East Texas
San Jacinto Coldspring 27,402 Deep East Texas
Shelby Center 24,022 Deep East Texas
Smith Tyler 233,479 Upper East Texas
Titus Mt. Pleasant 31,247 Upper East Texas
Trinity Groveton 13,602 Deep East Texas
Tyler Woodville 19,798 Deep East Texas
Upshur Gilmer 40,892 Upper East Texas
Van Zandt Canton 59,541 Upper East Texas
Wood Quitman 44,843 Upper East Texas
Total - 38 Counties   1,918,718 East Texas

 

 

Smith County Courthouse in Tyler, Texas
Smith County Courthouse in Tyler, Texas

Polk County Courthouse in Livingston
Polk County Courthouse

List of East Texas County Government Websites

Included below is list of East Texas counties and their official county websites.

Anderson County

The historic Franklin County Court House in Mount Vernon, Texas
The historic Franklin County Court House in Mount Vernon, Texas

Angelina County

Bowie County

Cherokee County

Camp County

Franklin County

Gregg County

Hardin County

Harrison County

Henderson County

Hopkins County

Houston County

Jasper County

Jefferson County

Lamar County

Historic Shelby County Courthouse in Center, Texas
Historic Shelby County Courthouse in Center, Texas

Marion County

Morris County

Nacogdoches County

Newton County

Orange County

Panola County

Polk County

Rains County

Red River County

Rusk County

Sabine County

Hopkins County Courthouse in Sulphur Springs, Texas
Hopkins County Courthouse in Sulphur Springs, Texas

San Augustine County

San Jacinto County

Shelby County

Smith County

Titus County

Trinity County

Tyler County

Upshur County

Wood County

Sabine County Courthouse in Hemphill
Sabine County Courthouse in Hemphill, Texas


Map of East Texas Counties and Larger Cities

Map of East Texas Counties and Larger Cities

 

San Jacinto County Courthouse in the City of Coldspring
San Jacinto County Court House in the City of Coldspring in Deep East Texas